2016 Ohio School Discipline Report Card

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Exclusion Grade

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Exclusion Grade
2016 Ohio School Discipline Report Card


A school's contribution to the School-to-Prison pipeline is directly related to the number of exclusions. Exclusion counts both expulsions and out-of-school suspensions. Every instance of an exclusion disrupts a student's education. This is particularly problematic for preschool through 3rd grade. It is during these initial years that students lay the foundation for their academic success. Research has shown that suspensions in the 9th grade are also problematic in that even one instance of exclusion significantly increases the likelihood of school dropout. Of course, dropping out is correlated with incarceration. Thus, an exclusion grade is calculated to quantify the extent of the School-to-Prison pipeline problem.

To determine the exclusion grade, first an exclusion score was calculated, using the following formula:

Preschool-3rd Grade Penalty 9th Grade Penalty


The overall exclusion rate was calculated by adding the rate of the out-of-school suspensions to the rate of expulsions. The preschool-3rd-grade penalty was calculated by adding preschool and kindergarten rate and then by adding the average of exclusion for First grade through 3rd grade. Finally, 9th  grade penalty was the total exclusion rate  for the 9th grade.


Exclusion Grade is based on the most recently posted data (2014-2015) on Ohio Department of Education website, Ohio Advanced Report, http://reportcard.education.ohio.gov/Pages/Power-User-Reports.aspx (Last Visited: June 1, 2016)




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