2016 Ohio School Discipline Report Card

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Exclusion Grade

Article Index

 

Constructing The Exclusion Score

The exclusion score is the combination of the

  • overall exclusion rate
  • the pre-school exclusion and kindergarten exclusion
  • the average of the 1st grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd-grade exclusion rate
  • the 9th-grade exclusion rate.

The higher the score represents not only more overall exclusions but also unacceptable exclusions of preschool through 3rd grade and 9th grade. A school should have no exclusions of preschool through 3rd grade. Studies show that one exclusion in the ninth grade increases the risk of dropping out. Dropping out is correlated with risk of incarceration - Thus, the fewer ninth grade exclusions, the better.

With 87.3% of the 1110 schools reporting, the average score was 36.68. Half the schools in the state had scores below 16.40. In fact, 114 schools had an exclusion score of zero meaning that they had an overall exclusion rate of zero. The maximum score reported was 430.00. One hundred schools had exclusion scores greater than 100.

 

Organization Type: There was a statistically significant difference in exclusions scores (p=.00) based on organization type. Public School Districts had on average lower exclusion scores than Charter Schools. In fact, Charter school mean exclusions score (58.73) was twice that of public school districts (24.26). Charter schools had a higher median (27.95) than Public School Districts (14.17). Finally, Public Schools maximum score was lower (252) than Charter schools (430.00). The overall picture is that charter schools have more exclusions than public schools.

 
Exclusion Score by Organization Type
2016 Ohio School Discipline Report
  Number of Schools Number Reporting Percent Reporting
STATE 1110 969 87.3%
Public School District 614 611 99.5%
Community (Charter) School 389 350 90.0%
Educational Service Center 56 7 12.5%
Joint Vocational School District 49 0 0.0%
State Level Organization 2 1 50.0%

 

Exclusion Score: Descriptive Statistic 
by Organization Type
2016 Ohio School Discipline Report
  Mean Median Minimum Maximum
STATE 36.68 16.40 0.00 430.00
Public School District 24.26 14.17 0.00 252.00
Community (Charter) School 58.73 27.95 0.00 430.00
Educational Service Center 22.89 5.60 0.00 84.93
Joint Vocational School District  0  0
State Level Organization 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Sum of Squares df Mean Square F
  267132.912 3 89044.304 30.520

 

 Ohio Public School Typology: There was a statistically significant difference in exclusions scores (p=.00) based on public school typology. Urban Public Schools had on average, higher exclusion scores. In fact, Type 8 Urban Schools average exclusions score (124.71) was sixteen times that of Type 6 Suburban (7.56). Type 8 Urban schools had a higher median (134.98) than Type 6 Suburban (5.03). Finally, Type 7 Urban maximum score was higher (252) than Type 6 Suburban (26.77). The overall picture is that Urban Schools have more exclusions than non-urban.

Exclusion Score by Ohio Public School District Typology
2016 Ohio School Discipline Report

Typology Number of Schools Number Reporting Mean Median Minimum Maximum
STATE 614 611 24.26 14.17 0.00 252.00

Type 1: Rural - High Student Poverty & Small Student Population

 

123 123 19.65 17.17 0.00 76.67

Type 2: Rural - Average Student Poverty & Very Small Student Population

 

107 107 14.37 10.50 0.00 103.53

Type 3: Small Town - Low Student Poverty & Small Student Population

 

111 111 12.55 10.80 0.00 45.47

Type 4: Small Town - High Student Poverty & Average Student Population Size

 

89 89 30.18 20.07 0.00 135.90

Type 5: Suburban - Low Student Poverty & Average Student Population Size

 

77 77 21.95 13.50 0.00 188.60

Type 6: Suburban - Very Low Student Poverty & Large Student Population

 

46 46 7.56 5.03 0.00 26.77

Type 7: Urban - High Student Poverty & Average Student Population

 

47 47 79.88 58.20 .23 252.00

Type 8: Urban - Very High Student Poverty & Very Large Student Population

 

8 8 124.71 134.98 3.27 198.57
Missing Information 6 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

 

 

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